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Relative age dating inclusions

These are telling you that the rocks adjacent to these units were "cooked" and metamorphosed which means both units B and C are intrusions.

FIGURE 3 Fossil succession - Geologists have studied undisturbed sedimentary rocks at thousands of locations worldwide.

Inclusions of one rock in another are a further way of determining relative age relationships.

In the block diagram at left we see sediment layers that contain pebbles/fragments of the underlying rock units.

Relative dating not only determines which layers are older or younger, but also gives insight into the paleoenvironments that formed the particular sequence of rock.

A chance encounter between determined fishermen and a great white shark off the Tuscan coast in 1666 sparked a chain of events that would help change humans views of fossils and Earth’s geologic past (Cutler 2003, pp. Nicolas Steno (1638-1686) dissected the head of this shark and realized fossil tongue stones believed to be petrified snake or dragon tongues were actually fossil shark teeth (Prothero 1998, p. One problem still existed, how do fossils become embedded in solid rock?

Stratigraphy is a branch of geology that studies rock strata with an emphasis on distribution, deposition, age and evidence of past life.

Nicolas Steno, William Smith, Georges Cuvier, Alexandre Brongniart, and James Hutton developed the basic rules for the science of stratigraphy.

Relative dating uses the principles or laws of stratigraphy to order sequences of rock strata.

Steno recognized that fossils represent organisms that became buried in sediment, which later turned into rock.

The realization that sediments turn into rock was counter to the view that all rocks on Earth formed in a single creation event.

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If on the other hand inclusions of sediment are found in the granite, then the granite intruded these sediments and is therefore younger.

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