The large regions of the Sahara desert, which constitute most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited.About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.ēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.From the 16th to the beginning of the 20th century, Egypt was ruled by foreign imperial powers: The Ottoman Empire and the British Empire.Modern Egypt dates back to 1922, when it gained nominal independence from the British Empire as a monarchy.However, British military occupation of Egypt continued, and many Egyptians believed that the monarchy was an instrument of British colonialism.
Early tribal peoples migrated to the Nile River where they developed a settled agricultural economy and more centralised society.
The adjective aigýpti-, aigýptios was borrowed into Coptic as gyptios, and from there into Arabic as qubṭī, back formed into There is evidence of rock carvings along the Nile terraces and in desert oases.
In the 10th millennium BC, a culture of hunter-gatherers and fishers was replaced by a grain-grinding culture.
The earliest known evidence of Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions appeared during the predynastic period on Naqada III pottery vessels, dated to about 3200 BC. 3150 BC by King Menes, leading to a series of dynasties that ruled Egypt for the next three millennia.
Egyptian culture flourished during this long period and remained distinctively Egyptian in its religion, arts, language and customs.
The sovereign state of Egypt is a transcontinental country considered to be a regional power in North Africa, the Middle East and the Muslim world, and a middle power worldwide.